What happens if White Blood Cells are High?
White blood cells (WBCs) are produced in the bone marrow, and they are of various types including neutrophils, lymphocytes, eosinophils, basophils, and monocytes. They are vital to your health and well-being as they help your body to effectively fight and protect itself against infections and diseases. Changes in the WBC count can be a sign of an infection, some disorder, a medicinal side reaction, or pregnancy.
Usually, your white blood cell count increases when your immune system is preventing an infection from affecting your health. The bone marrow produces white blood cells abundantly which are stored in the blood and lymphatic systems. When infectious bacteria are detected, these cells actively fight them and eliminate the risk of disease. But are there any risks of a high WBC count? Read on to find out.
High White Blood Cells (WBC) Count
When the count of white blood cells exceeds the normal, such condition is termed leukocytosis or high blood cells count. This is how your immune system responds normally when it is fighting off some infection or inflammation. That is usually the case; however, it can sometimes indicate the presence of abnormalities which can increase the possibilities of certain types of cancer such as leukemia or some diseases like tuberculosis, rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, bone marrow disorder, lymphoma, hay fever, asthma, or allergies.
Some autoimmune diseases can also lead to an increase in the levels of white blood cells as these diseases affect your immune system by making it difficult to differentiate between your own cells and foreign material. Such disease not only impacts your immune system but also your overall health. Individuals diagnosed with autoimmune dysfunction may also have a troubled sex life. They may experience erectile dysfunction (ED) and loss of sex drive. Vidalista 20 is the medicine to treat ED and has sildenafil citrate as the active component.
Causes of Leukocytosis or High White Blood Cells
White blood cells are released in your bloodstream when your immune system recognizes infectious bacteria, viruses, or pathogens. These cells travel to the area of your body where the infection is sited, and they fight the infection and help repair the damaged tissues and organs.
Your body may also produce leukocytes when there is a need to fight some underlying health conditions. With the help of these cells, your immune system may ward off illness-causing bacteria or viruses and establishes a strong defense mechanism.
Moreover, leukocytosis can also happen during pregnancy, and it is quite common. It can be a result of physiologic stress which is induced during various stages of pregnancy.
Symptoms of Leukocytosis
When your body produces leukocytes for responding to the underlying medical conditions, you may experience the following symptoms:
- Fatigue or weakness
- Fever and chills
- Feeling of warmth, pain, tenderness, and swelling around some specific areas in the body
- Skin irritation, rashes, and itching
- Vomiting, loss of appetite
- Nasal congestion, runny nose
Diagnosis of Leukocytosis
The healthcare professional will examine your condition and ask you several questions regarding the symptoms. After noting the symptoms, they may suggest some basic blood tests for the assessment of white blood cell count. Based on the reports they may suggest further tests and examinations that are necessary to understand the root cause of high white blood cell count.
According to medical experts, variations in the count of different types of white blood cells can be assessed through blood test examinations. As there are different types of white blood cells – neutrophils, lymphocytes, basophils, eosinophils, and monocytes, leukocytosis can be a reason due to an increase in the count of any of these cells. Let us have a look at them one by one:
1. Neutrophilic leukocytosis
Also known as Neutrophilia, it results when the body releases too many neutrophils. Neutrophils are the type of immune cell that is one of the first to respond. They fight against microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses and protect your body completely. When there is a high count of neutrophils in your bloodstream, you may develop leukocytosis.
2. Lymphocytic Leukocytosis
Also known as lymphocytosis, which is the increase in the count of a type of white blood cells called lymphocytes. This type of leukocytosis protects your body against bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungal infections. Lymphocytic Leukocytosis can indicate leukemia or viral infections.
3. Monocytic Leukocytosis
It leads to high levels of monocytes in your bloodstream. These cells travel to the location and surround and kill microorganisms, ingest foreign material, remove dead cells, and boost immune system responses. Monocytic Leukocytosis or Monocytosis can indicate cancer and other illnesses.
4. Basophilic Leukocytosis
An increase in the count of basophils which is one of the types of white blood cells is known as basophilia. This type of leukocytosis is rare, but it can be a symptom of leukemia which is a type of cancer.
5. Eosinophilic Leukocytosis
Also known as eosinophilia, this condition can result when an individual has high levels of eosinophils in their bloodstream. It helps to kill off parasites and prevent allergies.
Leukocytosis or high white blood cell count can be the result of several things, but the most obvious reason for its increase is the immune system response which produces it to destroy infection, bacteria, viruses, or parasites. It can also be an indication of a particular type of cancer such as leukemia.
Many physiological as well as psychological factors can be responsible for high white blood cell count. Pregnant women may have leukocytosis, since the count increases during the initial stages of the gestation period, usually between the first to third trimesters.
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